If you want to figure out how to get rid of bed bugs at home, there are a few things that you can try. Bed bugs are extremely persistent pests. Because so many eggs are laid by the female, even if you only have a few bed bugs, chances are that you are about to have many more. Hiring a professional exterminator is not cheap, but a few options exist that you can try on your own.
In most cases of bed bug infestation, a professional pest control service is recommended. It may be expensive, but it is often the only effective solution. Luckily, if you rent, then your landlord may be required by local law to pay for the extermination. Check into this before shelling out the cash yourself. If your landlord is not responsible for picking up the bill, and you are unable to do so yourself, then your only option may be to try some do-it-yourself solutions.
Bed bugs will die if they encounter temperatures over 120 degrees Fahrenheit, so one popular method used is steam cleaning. The steamer employed must have the capacity to heat water to well over 120 degrees, since the steam will lose heat as it leaves the nozzle. Ideally, the steamer will be able to heat close to 200 degrees. In order to have an effect on the bug, the steamer nozzle must be held within inches of it. You will want to steam basically everything, since bed bugs can hide almost anywhere.
Another popular bed bug remedy is the use of diatomaceous earth (DE). This is a dust made from fossilized diatoms, killing bed bugs if they come into contact with it. It can take up to ten days, however, so it will have to be used in combination with other methods. DE is used by spreading an extremely thin layer on floors or in crevices. It is best to use this in out-of-the-way areas where it is unlikely to be disturbed, since it may be harmful to breathe.
These do-it-yourself techniques are known to be quite effective, but getting rid of an infestation altogether is likely to require professional assistance. If you do choose to attempt the above methods, make sure that you take all necessary safety precautions.