Growing hemp is fun and challenging. Like any other plant, it requires special care and attention. More for growers https://420growradar.com/p/best-micro-grow-tent/
To get a rich harvest, a beginner grower should be well aware of all the intricacies of planting and caring for marijuana, take into account the variety of cannabis, soil, lighting, and be able to properly fertilize it. The process of growing marijuana will differ depending on whether it is indoor or outdoor. For example, when growing marijuana in an enclosed area, it is very important to test it at least once a day for watering, fertilization, or other additional maintenance.
In any case, before you start growing marijuana, you need to get rid of the idea that growth is incredibly difficult. In fact, this is a fairly simple and sometimes fun process. It is not for nothing that cannabis is called “grass” in everyday life – its seeds, like a weed, easily germinate on almost any soil. However, the fact that hemp is a flowering plant, it can bear fruit only once a year – in the fall. This fact is very important for those growers who intend to grow cannabis at home. In this case, your future harvest will need abundant lighting (at least 12 hours a day). Otherwise, it may turn out that you have wasted money and energy.
Quite often, many budding growers wonder why a plant simply cannot flower on its own in a pot without some extra care. The answer is extremely simple – if you let the process take its course, then you will collect literally a few buds (if, of course, marijuana is productive at all), and the seeds can be thrown away. After all, the essence of the process of growing cannabis is not just to let the plant bloom, but to create such conditions so that before flowering, the marijuana germinates in the pot for at least several weeks under your supervision.
More experienced growers know that cannabis must be kept in the pot for 5 to 6 weeks under constant light before flowering. Depending on the type of cannabis purchased, the lighting quality will also differ. Actually, we will talk about this important aspect with you below.
Equipment for the novice grower
As we said before, proper lighting is very important for growing cannabis. And your plant should receive it at least 12-16 hours per day. Therefore, for those who live in countries with relatively cold climates, it is recommended to grow hemp at home under lamps. The best option for this are lamps whose light is as close as possible to natural daylight. They are called HPS.
If your growbox does not exceed 1x1x2 m in size (2 m is the height of the growbox), then it will be enough for you to purchase a DNaT with a power of 400 watts. Naturally, such a lamp is unlikely to save your electricity, but the result from its use will certainly be productive.
The second most popular are energy saving lamps (ECL). They exist in several spectra:
- Cold (blue). Suitable for the growing season.
- Hot (red). Used during the hemp flowering period.
The main advantage of such a lamp is its economy. It can generate 600 watts of light while consuming only 120 watts. ECLs practically do not heat up during operation, so the likelihood that the lamps will burn your crop is as low as possible. It is important for novice growers to understand that it is not advisable to purchase HPS for a small grow box.
Another important point is compliance with the regime. At night, hemp should be in the dark and receive absolutely no light. Therefore, during the flowering period, it is recommended to transfer the grow boxes to closed rooms, where you can independently control the lighting process.
Phytolamps for growing plants
A beginner grower can get confused about the variety of lighting choices for grow boxes, since each of the lamps has its own characteristics and advantages that are optimal for a particular cannabis variety, stage of its cultivation. Therefore, let’s take a closer look at each species.
Firstly, white light is required for the vegetative stage of plant development, and soft yellow during flowering (autumn). Therefore, to grow marijuana properly, you will need to use both of these spectra.
Do not forget that in addition to the correct acquisition of lighting, you must follow certain rules for their installation and safety precautions, depending on the type of lamp purchased.
Fertilizers for growing hemp
It is possible to grow marijuana without feeding, but this will not give you any guarantees about its future quality. Therefore, you should never forget about fertilizers. It is necessary to start already during the growing season, as soon as the seed germinates. During this period, hemp begins active growth, which requires a lot of nitrogen. If during this period your crop wilts slightly, do not rush to fertilize it abundantly – perhaps it lacks moisture or too much of it.
During the flowering period, it is better to fertilize hemp with phosphorus, but also do not neglect potassium, nitrogen and other minerals. Hemp is very sensitive to fertilizers, so it’s best to use half of what is recommended on the packaging.
Do not forget that there are minerals and organic fertilizers, each of which gives the plant something of its own. They can be combined with each other or you can choose the one that will meet your expectations from the crop.
Lighting for growing marijuana
When choosing phytolamps for growing plants, we recommend starting from the following types:
- DRI Lamps intended for use during the vegetative stage (first 2-4 weeks) of marijuana development. The light emission spectrum of DRI is blue, which reduces intermediate nodes and allows the plant to grow in breadth, acquiring bushiness.
- DNaT (sodium lamps, DNaZ ). Ideal for the flowering period of marijuana. The emission spectrum of the lamps is a soft, orange, warm “autumn” light. Due to this, the branches of the bushes are stretched, and the inflorescences are filled with strength. A feature of lamps is heating during operation. Therefore, they must be placed at a safe distance from the plant.
- ECL (compact fluorescent lamps, CFL). They have a low threshold for electricity consumption, a low heating temperature, and give a little light energy. Therefore, ESL is used when sprouts and clones are germinated.
- ICE. They are economical in energy consumption but have a low light output. This can negatively affect the harvest. More expensive and modern models of LED lamps have a wider spectrum, however, their cost will differ from conventional LED lamps.
The selection, installation, and use of lighting devices for growing marijuana is not a guarantee of success. An equally important process is the selection of hemp seeds. To guess right the first time and please yourself with a quality crop, it is better to start with the already proven and popular varieties: Afghan (Dutch variety optimized for home growing), AK-48 (has a captivating effect), and B-52 (is a hybrid variety).
Cannabis Grow Lighting Kits
We have already talked with you about what kind of light should be for growing cannabis, depending on the stage of its development, as well as what kind of feeding can and should be. Now it’s time to talk about what else is needed for productive cultivation. It is worth noting that you can purchase lamps not only separately, but also in lighting kits for cannabis growing. Indeed, in addition to light, you will need other auxiliary elements.
So, professional kits may include:
- sodium lamps DNaT;
The ballast is a starter that has protection against mains voltage surges. This will increase the life of your lamps by 1-2 cycles. Such kits can greatly simplify the process of growing cannabis for you, since you do not have to search for all the components yourself and you will have the opportunity to purchase kits selected by experienced specialists.
Ballasts for lamps DNaT, MGL
Ballast (you can also find such a name as a choke) is a special starting device on electromagnets, which has a copper or aluminum coil inside.
Despite the rather high cost of such devices, they are very popular among experienced growers, since they can save up to 20% on energy consumption. Additionally, by using the ballast for HPS and MGL lamps, you can extend their service life up to several cycles.